Russian & East German Documents on Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa, 1977-78

Author : Soviet Foreign Ministry and CPSU CC International Department

Year : 1978

On 23 July 1977, Somalia unleashed on the African Horn an armed conflict. Under cover of the Front for the Liberation of Western Somalia (FLWS)–which had been created by the Somali leadership itself–it sent its own forces into the Ogaden, and they occupied a significant part of the Ethiopian provinces of Harar, Bale, and Sidamo, and only through the bitter fights which unfolded in October-December 1977 were they stopped at the approaches to the important centers of Harar and Dire Dawa.