MUNZINGER’S OBSERVATIONS ON THE SUDAN , 1871

Author : FREDERICK J. COX

Year : 1871

Thus Ismail’s East African Empire became a reality in 1875– a reality that was very disturbing to the major European colonial powers. However, the Khedive’s leitmotiv was the control of the Blue and White Niles and their tributaries. The occupation of Keren, Harar, Aussa, Zeila and Berbera were a necessary complement to the creation of the Khedive’s Central African Empire, centering on Khartoum.

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