Harari Alphabets

Author: Andrew Cunningham

Year: 2009

Modern Harari is the language of the Harari people of Ethiopia. The old Harari language was
written using the Arabic script. When Harar became part of Abyssinia, the Ethiopian (Geez)
script was introduced for Modern Harari.
Within Australia, Harari children are taught the Harari language using the Latin script. The
existing Ethiopic and Arabic orthographies cannot represent all the sounds in the Harari
language. Revisions to the Ethiopic and Arabic orthographies have been discussed in Ethiopia
and Australia.
This document will outline character repertoire requirements for the Latin orthography and the
revised Ethiopic and Arabic orthographies.

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