Archaeological Survey and Test Excavations, Harlaa, Dire Dawa, and Sofi, Harari Regional State, Ethiopia, August 2015. A Preliminary Fieldwork Report

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Author : Timothy Insoll1, Rachel MacLean1,

and Blade Engda2
Year : 2016
……As yet, the relationship between Harar and Harlaais unclear. This will be better established once the
AMS dates from Harlaa are received and considered. Currently, the earliest AMS date from Harar is from the Emir’s Palace excavation, PAL 14 (A) (cf. Insoll et al.2014). This is of Cal AD 1431-1476 (2 Sigma calibration; GX-33812; PAL 14 [A] 7), and indicates that Harar was certainly established by this date. Currently, the imported glazed ceramics of the 12th to 14th centuries AD from Harlaa suggest that this site predates Harar, though earlier material may be recovered in future excavations in Harar.